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Endangered African species : African elephant

Animal

They live in savanna and forests and live in groups because of their strong sociality. Elephants have a lifespan of about 60 years, which is as long as humans, have excellent learning ability, and have excellent memory. There are currently two known wild elephants in the world, African elephants and Asian elephants, both of which are in danger of extinction. Elephants are “flagship species” that are located at the top of the ecosystem in each habitat environment. Elephants are also known to be infected with the coronavirus.

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Habitat

Widely inhabits the African continent. Angola, Uganda, Ethiopia, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Somalia, Tanzania, Niger, Liberia, etc. Inhabits savanna and forests.

Characteristic

It is the largest and has a physical condition of 6-7.5m and a weight of 10t. It is the largest species of terrestrial animals in existence. The skin is thick and has many wrinkles. The pinna is very large and wide and is used for heat dissipation and thermoregulation. Wrinkled skin is suitable for storing water by bathing. Instead of having poor eyesight, he has a good nose and ears, and it is said that he can talk with his friends 10 km away with a low voice that cannot be heard by humans. Since elephants are very gluttony, they have a great impact on the environment in the area they visit, and it takes a recovery period until the elephants visit the area again.

Ecology

The diet is mostly plant-based and eats grass. Eat 130-150 kg of grass, tree branches and leaves, fruits, etc. a day for 14-18 hours. Drink 100-300 liters of water per day and dig the ground such as the riverbed with your fangs and forelimbs to look for water. The breeding style is fetal and the gestation period is 22 months. You can give birth to one at a time. The life is said to be 60-80 years. Live in a flock. The largest individual in the herd is the oldest because it continues to grow until it dies. Elephants have large fangs, which also keep growing until they die.

Endangered species

The number of elephants is steadily declining worldwide. The reason is overfishing by humans. Poaching for ivory is common, and hunting for ivory has been around since BC and continues to this day. Today, killing weapons are also evolving, and poaching organizations that make full use of high-tech equipment such as GPS are pinpointing and hunting swarms of elephants. Of course it is illegal. It is said that if poaching continues at this pace, African elephants will become extinct in the next 10 to 20 years.

Coronavirus

In India, zoo elephants are known to have been infected with the coronavirus and died after fever. Elephants are also known to be infected, and plague is a threat.

Breeding

It is very difficult for ordinary people to keep and raise. It will be faster to actually go to the African continent. Book your flight ticket and hotel in advance. You can find it from the Rakuten Travel link below. Or go to the zoo.

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