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Endangered European Species: Alpine Marmot

Animal

Alpine marmots are popular animals because they can be seen at animal parks and images of them are sold online. This marmot is distributed mainly in mountainous areas such as the Alps and Pyrenees in Europe. It is classified as a member of the squirrel family, genus Marmot. This marmot has a unique feature: it spends nine months of the year sleeping. Because they mostly hibernate, they are only active during the summer. They have a strong sense of companionship and live in groups, and if one of their friends is in a critical situation, they will sound a warning sound like a whistle to warn them of the danger.

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Habitat

Alpine marmots are widely distributed in meadow environments near the Alps. It lives in France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Slovenia, Austria, etc. A species of marmot belonging to the genus Marmot, in the order Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Squirrel. Scientific name: Marmota marmota, English name: Alpine marmot. If you search for information on the internet, you can see the detailed content of many images.

Characteristic

The Alpine marmot has a total length of 40-50 cm and a weight of 2-3 kg. It is a large squirrel. Alpine marmots spend more than half a year sleeping. He wakes up from hibernation in the spring and begins his activities, but by the end of the summer he hibernates again. The habitat is the alpine region of Europe, preferring the mountainous region at an altitude of 800-2000m, and living by making burrows. They live in groups of highly social animals. When a companion is in danger, a whistle-like alert sounds to alert you to the danger. The marmot who senses the danger escapes to his burrow.

Ecology

Alpine marmots are plant foods that mainly eat insects, seeds and grass. The activity time is daytime and rest at night. The morphology is embryonic and mates from spring to summer. The gestation period is about 40 days, and 2-6 children can be born at one time. The born child will behave with the parent for a while, but will wean in about 40 days. Sexual maturity takes 2-3 years. The life is about 10 years. Marmot’s natural enemies escape to burrows when targeted by predators with eagles and foxes.

Endangered species

Alpine marmots are not currently declining so much, but they can become extinct when viewed locally, such as in Germany and Romania. It is said that applying marmot fat to the skin cures rheumatism, and it was overfished by humans. There is also the threat of natural enemies, eagles and foxes.

Breeding

Alpine marmots are said to be difficult for the average person to breed. The reason is that they are mostly hibernating. Since the activity period is only from spring to summer, you may not be able to enjoy it even if you keep it. Alpine marmots are widely seen in Europe. Please go to Europe.

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