The Andean cat (Leopardus jacobita) is a carnivorous animal classified as a member of the genus Ocelot in the order Carnivora, family Felidae, that lives in Peru and other countries. The Andean cat is an endangered species that lives in South America. It prefers rocky areas with little vegetation at an altitude of 3000-5000m in the Andes Mountains of South America. Their population continues to decline due to habitat degradation, shrinkage, and poaching. This is a relatively small cat. It has been pointed out that its habitat is limited and there is a high possibility of extinction. According to animal experts in South America, their total population is less than 2,000, and the number is still decreasing.
It is distributed in Peru, Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile at an altitude of over 3000 m. The Andean cat (scientific name: Leopardus jacobita) is a carnivorous animal classified in the genus Ocelot, family Felidae, order Carnivora. There is also a lot of information in encyclopedias and Wikipedia. The English name is Andean mountain cat. As a living thing, it is considered a mammal.
The fur is predominantly gray with brownish-yellowish spots distributed as vertical lines on both sides of the body, giving it a striped appearance. Very thick, luxurious fur is very fine and soft, with a back length of up to 5 cm, with pale, black spots on the underside. A prominent dark gray bar also runs across the chest and forelimbs. The back of the large, round ears is dark gray and the nose is black. It is said to have a body length of 57-64 cm and a weight of 4-6 kg. The tail is long and thick and cylindrical because it is covered with long hair.
Andean cats feed on small mammals, small birds, waterfowl and lizards. Andean cats are lonely and carefree cats, but can be seen together in males and messpers during mating and after childbirth. The mating period is between July and August. No more is known about breeding, and it is said that no Andean cats are in captivity. The breeding form is embryo. This cat seems to be active day and night.
Andean cats are classified as Endangered (EN) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Due to the decrease in prey due to grazing, it is difficult to secure food and the population is decreasing. Due to the deterioration and shrinkage of the habitat, it is said that the number will continue to decrease. Being hunted by illegal hunting is also a problem.
The Andean Cat Conservation Action Plan began in 2004. The plan put together existing information about Andean cats and listed protected areas where the presence of Andean cats has been confirmed or suspected. Based on the information collected, we have confirmed the conservation status of Andean cats and have begun population conservation activities against habitat loss and deterioration.