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[World Animal: Beaver] Ecology and characteristics Endangered species? History of beavers (American beavers) and humans

Animal

Beavers are very famous animals that live in North America and Europe. However, many people do not know that beavers were once an endangered species. Why is that? And to begin with, why was the beaver an endangered species? I am writing about it.

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habitat

Beavers live in North America, Canada and the United States, and even Europe. Therefore, it is also officially called the American beaver. The scientific name is Castor canadensis. The genus Beaver is the only genus of the family Beaver, and beavers belong to the rodent family Beaver, and there are two species of animals in the genus Beaver: the American beaver and the European beaver.

Features

The beaver is an animal belonging to the genus Beaver in the family Beaver family of the order Rodentia. There are two species: the European beaver, which inhabits European regions such as Germany, France, Norway, and Russia, and the Canadian beaver, which is distributed in Alaska, Canada, and the United States. Body length is 70-80cm, weight is 11-30kg. Beavers can live in water and are webbed. Fur can repel water. Beavers are large for rodents, with thick, stout bodies and small eyes and ears. Beavers usually prefer rivers, lakes, ponds and swamps, and live in wetlands. They are nocturnal and often rest during the day. Beavers are highly social animals, tend to live in groups, and are very territorial. Beavers, like cats, are fashionable creatures and often groom themselves. This is often done before entering the water. Beavers have natural enemies, such as coyotes and weasels, so they are rarely active on land.

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Ecology

Beavers are herbivorous, eating 2 kg of leaves, grass, tree bark, etc. a day. Beavers dig burrows in suitable banks and even carry stones and mud to block rivers and build dams. Prefers to live in a nest. Beavers often chew down trees, often leaving tree branches completely exposed. Beavers breed once a year. Females can give birth to 1 to 6 cubs at a time. Children live with their parents for a while. After two years, the young will leave the nest. Their lifespan is 10 to 15 years, but they can live longer in captivity.

Endangered species? beaver history

Beavers are actually a protected animal today, but they were once endangered. I learned that beaver fur was overhunted by humans because it was widely distributed as a luxury material. Beaver fur was a great material for top hats. In fact, the hat of Napoleon Bonaparte, a famous French general, was also made of beaver skin. As a result, beavers were overhunted, and in the 19th century, between 100,000 and 500,000 were killed annually. As a result, it has become extinct in parts of Europe. After that, in Italy, silk hats were devised, and the use of beaver fur gradually disappeared. As a result, the beaver population gradually recovered. With the establishment of protection laws for beavers in the United States and Canada, the era of overhunting beavers for fur is over. To avoid such a tragedy, furs are now produced only in treaty-traded quantities.

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beaver and human history

Bieber has had a fairly deep relationship with Canada for a long time. Humans had the opportunity to interact with beavers in the immediate vicinity, so they became very familiar. As proof, the first picture stamp issued in the Canadian colonies in 1851 features a beaver. In 1975, it became a national animal of Canada. Beavers are also featured on coins and the Hudson’s Bay Company coat of arms. The beaver is also one of America’s most impressive animals. New York and Oregon both have beavers as their state animal. In Europe, the beaver was said to be a very fantastic animal. This is because the beaver is an animal that can live both in water and on land, so it was regarded as a very mysterious animal. For this reason, beavers appear in works by various authors. It must have been thought of as a mysterious animal that was so close to us.

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Beaver breeding

Beavers can be kept in captivity and are actually popular animals. However, before breeding, we recommend that you search for what kind of animal it is, access it, see an overview, download and take a look at the photos, or look at the animals being shown on exhibit at the zoo. is. There is a lot of information about Bieber on SNS etc.

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