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[Animal Sightseeing Trip: Rare Animal Island] Asia: Borneo

Animal Attraction

Borneo is a territory of three countries, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, and is an animal island where 5% of the world’s animals live. There are many endemic species that can only be seen on this island on earth, and new species that were not known are often found on this island. Many unique animals live on Borneo Island, and you can meet rare animals.

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Borneo is located in Southeast Asia. It is an island right on the equator that straddles the three countries of Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia.

Borneo

Borneo has a tropical climate with an annual average rainfall of 4000mm. The rainy season is from October to March, and the environment is hot and humid, with extensive tropical rainforests. Borneo was once called a paradise for wild animals, but deforestation progressed after the 1900s and land development began. The landscape of the island has changed rapidly and is said to have decreased by 50% to date. In 2007, Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia jointly announced the “Heart of Borneo” declaration in an attempt to break out of this situation. It has committed to sustainable management for the conservation of 220,000 square kilometers of land in the central part of the island. Many rare endemic animals live on this island, making it an ideal place for animal tourism. Borneo is home to more than 200 species of mammals, 260 species of amphibians and reptiles, more than 600 species of birds, and more than 15,000 species of plants. is a treasure trove of biodiversity rarely seen anywhere else in the world. Among them, this time we will pick up animals that may be extinct.

Bornean orangutan

It is the most famous animal of Borneo. The body hair is quite long, and the hair color is chestnut or reddish brown all over the body, and the hair on the shoulders and back is particularly long. They live mostly in trees and do not come down to the ground, so they can be hard to find. It can slowly move from branch to branch. Their intelligence is quite high, and they are at the top level among animals. They usually live by eating tree buds, sap, and bark. You can see these orangutans in the Semenggoh Sanctuary in Kuching City, the Kinabatangan River and the Danum Valley.

Full length100-150cm
Weight50-110kg
Foodbuds, sap, bark
Lifespan30 years
Red ListEndangered Species (EN)

proboscis monkey

It is endemic to Borneo. It has a characteristic large nose, and the hair color from the head to the shoulders, back and upper arms is chestnut or reddish brown. Proboscis monkeys live in mangrove forests along the coast and forests around rivers. It is mainly herbivorous and lives by eating leaves such as young leaves of mangroves. They live mostly in trees and often form flocks. You can find this animal in the Kinabatangan River, Bako National Park, etc.

Full length50-70cm
Weight10-20kg
Foodleaves, fruits
Lifespan20 years
Red ListEndangered Species (EN)

Bornean elephant

The population of Bornean elephants is estimated to be between 30 and 80, making them highly endangered. This statue is a subspecies of the Asian elephant and is smaller than the African elephant. Bornean elephants live on grass, leaves, twigs and bark, as well as bananas and sugar cane. Since this elephant also eats crops, troubles with residents have also occurred. This elephant only lives in the east and south of Sabah and northeast of Kalimantan.

Full length550-600cm
Weight6000-6700kg
Foodgrass, leaves, twigs
Lifespan50 years
Red ListEndangered Species (EN)

Banteng

They are very large mammals. Banteng is a species of yagyu that lives in dry deciduous forests. There are only a few hundred of these animals on Borneo. Males are covered with dark reddish-brown fur, while females and juveniles are brown. They are nocturnal animals and live alone or in groups. Food is grass and leaves. This animal can be seen at Mariau Basin.

Full length180-220cm
Weight400-900kg
Foodgrass, leaves
Lifespan50 years
Red ListEndangered Species (EN)

Bornean clouded leopard

It is a wild cat living in Borneo, but it is a large cat. Like other cats, they prefer to live alone and do not form groups. It is a carnivore that attacks prey in trees and prey that passes through the ground from trees, and eats small mammals and snakes. The auricles are rounded and the iris is tawny. This animal can be seen in Danum Valley, Maliau Basin, Tabin, etc.

Full length60-100cm
Weight15-20kg
Foodsmall mammals and snakes
Lifespan11 years
Red ListEndangered Species (VU)

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