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Myanmar Endangered Species: Burmese Star Tortoise

Animal

Burmese star tortoise is a turtle endemic to Myanmar. This turtle is a turtle belonging to the genus Tortoise of the order Tortoise, Tortoise, and inhabits only the central and western parts of Myanmar. Burmese star tortoises have been popular because they are sometimes bred as pets, but overfishing has dramatically reduced their numbers. Not only that, habitat has been lost due to urban development, agricultural land development, and shifting cultivation, making it an endangered species.

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Habitat

Burmese star tortoise is an endemic animal of Myanmar.

Characteristic

Burmese star tortoises have a maximum instep length of 20 to 30 cm. The carapace is dome-shaped, slightly elongated, and the head and limbs are covered with scales. Burmese star tortoises, along with radiated tortoises, have a beautiful shell and are considered to be one of the most beautiful turtles. The body color is black or dark brown on the back, and there are radial patterns such as yellow and tan on the vertebral and rib decks. The rim deck also has a V-shaped yellow or tan pattern, and the ventral shell is tan or taupe with black or dark brown spots. The head, limbs, and tail are yellow, tan, bright orange, etc., with small black spots. Burmese star tortoises live in deciduous forests and grasslands and tend to be active during the day.

Ecology

Burmese star tortoises live on grasses and other plants, fruits and mushrooms. The breeding form is oviparous. You can lay 2 eggs at a time. A child that lays eggs from the end of October to February and hatches from June to September is born. It has a lifespan of 25-35 years and may live longer if the breeding environment is good.

Endangered species

Burmese star tortoises have been found to have declined sharply due to habitat destruction due to land development and overfishing for food and pets. It is legally protected in Myanmar and it is prohibited to catch or export it. It used to live in the southern part of Myanmar, but it is already extinct. Against this background, it is listed in Annex I of the Washington Convention and has been designated as an endangered species. In Myanmar, we try to grow turtles in national parks and protected areas, but there are constant cases of turtles being stolen or smuggled. As of 2016, the number of breeding individuals in Myanmar is 7,150, and breeding is progressing.

Breeding

Burmese star tortoises live in a tropical monsoon climate, so if they are to be bred, the room temperature should be maintained at 20-30 ° C. Burmese star tortoises are herbivores, but they also eat small insects such as insects and earthworms. Burmese star tortoises are very difficult to raise for the general public due to restrictions on exports and imports and the declining population. If you get it, it’s not wild, it’s limited to those bred in captivity. If you want to see wild turtles, go to Myanmar.

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