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Endangered Antarctica: Chinstrap Penguin

Animal

Chinstrap penguins are penguins that live near Antarctica. It is a penguins classified into the penguins and the genus Adelie penguins, and as the name suggests, it is a penguin characterized by a “beard” -like line around the jaw. It is a penguin that is very difficult to breed due to its habitat in Antarctica. It can only be seen in an aquarium equipped with cooling facilities for Antarctica. Chinstrap penguins have been declining in recent years and are at risk of extinction.

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Habitat

Chinstrap penguins also live on uninhabited islands around Antarctica.

Characteristic

Chinstrap penguins are 70 cm-75 cm long and weigh 4 kg-7 kg. The most characteristic feature is the chinstrap penguin, which is called a chinstrap penguin because it looks like a beard. The back side of the body, including the forehead, crown, neck and tail, is black, and the ventral side is white. The surface of the flipper is also black and the back is white. Chinstrap penguins prefer areas with thin floating ice and live in less human areas. There is an area where Adelie penguins and Gentoo penguins live together, and they are also penguins that can coexist.

Ecology

Chinstrap penguins love krill, but you can also eat crustaceans. You can dive up to 10-40m and catch fish with agile movements. Hunt only along the coast near the colony. Chinstrap penguins breed in the summer, just like other brush-tailed penguins. The monogamy system has a strong bond between pairs, and the same pair will be formed the following year. The breeding form is oviparous and can lay 1-3 eggs at a time. Males and females take turns incubating every 5 to 10 days and hatch in about a month. Children gather at a chick gathering place called “Crèche” and live in groups while being fed by their parents.

Endangered species

Chinstrap penguins live in Antarctica, but climate change is a major problem in Antarctica. The average annual temperature on the Antarctic Peninsula has risen by 2.8 degrees in half a century, and the number of rainy days is increasing year by year. Seawater is warming, and krill, the staple food of penguins, is decreasing. According to a survey by the Antarctic Expedition, the penguin colony has decreased dramatically compared to 50 years ago. Chinstrap penguins were considered the least endangered penguins, but they turned out to be in crisis.

Breeding

Since Chinstrap penguins live in Antarctica, it is impossible for ordinary people to raise them because it is necessary to prepare an environment equivalent to that of Antarctica. It can only be seen in some aquariums. Try going to Antarctica.

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