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Japan Endangered Species : Sika deer

Animal

The sika deer is an endangered animal that lives in Japan. It belongs to the genus Cervus in the family Deer. There are subspecies of sika deer such as sika deer and sika deer, and the deer distributed in Shikoku are called sika deer. It is characterized by white spots on summer hair and large white buttock spots. It has a very cute face and is popular with humans. Also, most deer are social and have a habit of living in groups. Unfortunately, it is classified as an endangered species by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan, but it is becoming clear that it has been increasing rapidly in recent years.

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Habitat

Sika deer are artiodactyls that are classified in the mammalian class Artiodactyla, deer family, and genus Deer. Sika deer live mainly in Japan, but they also inhabit the forests and vegetation areas of Russia, China, and Southeast Asia. Sika deer, like animals such as wild boars, prefer natural environments, but there are many situations where individuals are captured, so safety measures are necessary. They need protection from hunting, but their proliferation can also be problematic and affect the ecosystem. Every year, it tends to become a topic of discussion in prefectural government (tourism, culture).

Characteristic

The summer coat is brown with white spots, and the winter coat is grayish-brown. It has black fur and a large white rump spot. The flowering season is from May to June and from September to October. The body length is 90-190cm for males and 90-150cm for females. The weight is 50-130 kg for males and 25-80 kg for females. They prefer forest areas and are called “forest edge dwellers.” It easily causes damage to agriculture and forestry, and is often exterminated by farmers. In Japan, the amount of damage to crops caused by wild birds and animals exceeds 10 billion yen, so countermeasure planning and management are essential. It is caused by monkeys, deer, and deer. There is a lot of information that says that they prefer natural environments.

Ecology

It is very social and lives in groups. Except for the breeding season, it is usually divided into male and female herds. During the breeding season, males and females come together. After a gestation period of 200-220 days, one will give birth around July. Deer mainly eat grasses, leaves and acorns of the Gramineae family, but they can eat almost all grasses. We are active day and night. The lifespan is about 15 years for males and about 20 years for females.

Endangered species

The sika deer was considered an endangered species in early 2000, but it is known that it has increased rapidly in recent years. The number of inhabitants had decreased sharply due to overfishing after the war, but it has increased rapidly after overfishing was regulated. Deer are animals that are prone to damage to agriculture and forestry. They eat crops. The bark of sugi and cypress saplings and mature trees is damaged, and the bark of the trunk peels off due to the habit of sharpening tsuno, causing the tree to die, which poses a threat to those who are engaged in forestry and agriculture. Therefore, the number of people who get rid of it is increasing in recent years.

Breeding

Sika deer breeding is prohibited in Japan, which is the habitat of sika deer. This is because there is a law called the Bird and Beast Conservation and Management Law. Please go to the zoo or travel to Japan as it cannot be bred by the general public.

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