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Endangered African species : Egyptian tortoise

Animal

The Egyptian tortoise is a small tortoise that is very small and cute. As the name suggests, it is a tortoise that lives in Egypt and has been confirmed to live in Libya. Egyptian tortoises live in deserts, steppe and shrub forests and live in very dry environments, and the climate of the Middle East and Africa is very suitable. It is a very cute turtle, but it is known that overfishing has been progressing in the habitat in recent years, and the number of turtles has decreased sharply. It is an endangered species and protection measures are underway in Egypt.

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Habitat

It is near North Africa and the Middle East, with Egypt at the top.

Characteristic

It is a small tortoise, and females are slightly larger than males. With a small maximum instep length of 13 cm, it is the smallest species in the genus Palearctic tortoise and is very similar to the Arab Greek tortoise. The color of the back is cream-colored and the area is large, and large scales are developed on the forefoot. Some individuals have 1-3 wedge-shaped dark spots on the left and right sides of the abdomen. The forelimbs are covered with three rows of large scales. It prefers to live in dry areas of Libya, Egypt, and southern Israel, where there are few plants.

Ecology

It is herbivorous and eats grass. In captivity, we mainly eat vegetarian food such as Japanese mustard spinach and lettuce. In rare cases, it seems that they also eat insects. Breeding is from autumn to spring, and one to three eggs are laid at one time. It’s a very big egg. I live in a hole and always stay in a hole when I rest. I go hunting in the morning when the temperature is relatively low. When it’s hot, I’m not active and rest.

Endangered species

Habitat destruction and overfishing for pets are underway due to irrigation projects and overgrazing. Overfishing was a particular problem because Egyptian tortoises were also very popular as pets. Protection has come to be called for, and it will be listed in Annex I of the 1995 Washington Convention, which will impose restrictions on imports and exports. In Egypt, protection measures are being taken to return animals to the wild by attaching transmitters to individuals that have been bred in captivity or lived in protected areas.

Breeding

It was also very popular as a pet. However, Egyptian tortoises are currently restricted in imports and exports and are not easy to obtain. If you do, it will definitely be quite expensive. You may want to watch it at the zoo or go to Egypt to watch it.

If you are breeding, your diet will likely be fresh vegetables along with commercial turtle food.

turtle food

Having a hotspot to warm you up after a meal is a must. Prepare a light for the turtle.

turtle UV light

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