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Endangered European Species: European Mink

Animal

European mink is a weasel that lives in Ukraine, Spain, France and Romania. European mink is a very famous animal on the European continent, but its population has declined considerably since the 19th century. It has disappeared from more than 85% of its habitat in the 19th century and is said to have declined by more than 90% compared to its population in the 20th century. European mink is currently designated as an endangered species and is in need of protection.

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Habitat

European mink inhabits Europe.

Characteristic

European mink is 20-50 cm long and weighs 500-800 g. European minks are classified in the order Cat (Carnivores), Caniformia, Mustelidae, and Weasel genus. European mink lives all over Europe, including Ukraine, Spain and France. The whole body is covered with long upper hair and multiple lower hairs surrounding it. The body color of the whole body is dark brown or reddish brown. The amount of hair changes between summer and winter, and the body temperature is regulated. European minks live on the shores of rivers and lakes, where there is vegetation, but they also live on land and in water. There are webs on the limbs, which are useful for moving in the water. European minks rely on their sense of smell to search for prey. European minks do not form swarms, live alone and are most active before dawn and in the evening. When they take a rest, they use the burrow.

Ecology

European minks feed on small mammals such as mice, birds, amphibians, crustaceans, fish and insects. The breeding form is embryo. Mating in the spring, the gestation period is 39-76 days. You can give birth to 2-7 heads at a time. Breastfeeding is 5-6 weeks and the child will have eyes open within a month. Children become independent in 2-4 months and reach sexual maturity at about 1 year of age. Lifespan is 7-10 years.

Endangered species

European mink has been declining since the 19th century. The reason for this is mink hunting. Mink fur has a long history of commercial value because it is very dense and thick and sells very well. Excessive overfishing by humans has dramatically reduced the population. Furthermore, the destruction of habitats by humans has become a problem. Since European mink is semi-aquatic, it is affected by both land and water environmental changes. Habitat destruction is progressing and mink habitat is decreasing. And competition with American mink brought in from the United States is also a problem. European mink is designated as an endangered species.

Breeding

European mink is very difficult to breed due to the drastic decrease in population. Watch at the zoo or go to Europe.

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