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Endangered American animals : Gopher tortoise

Animal

Gopher tortoise is a type of tortoise that is distributed in North America and inhabits the United States. It seems that this species has been distributed in relatively large numbers, but all gopher tortoises are tightly protected in the United States, making it difficult to raise. It is said that the instep length is 30 to 35 cm and the life is about 60 years.

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Habitat

It is endemic to the United States and inhabits the coast of the Gulf of Mexico such as Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida.

Characteristic

The instep is slightly elongated and the upper part is slightly flat. The color of the back is dark brown to black, and the seams of each deck are light in childhood. The abdomen is yellow to gray. The distance from the first toenail to the third toenail of the forelimb is equal to the distance from the first toenail to the fourth toenail of the hindlimb. It was named Anahorigofargame because it lives by digging a burrow with a depth of 1 to 3 m and a length of 3 to 6 m. I began to dig deep and long burrows to protect myself from dryness and foreign enemies.

Ecology

It is a plant diet and eats grass and fruits, but in field surveys it also eats small insects. Among the plants, I like to eat prickly pear cactus. It is a turtle that lives by digging a burrow with a depth of 1 to 3 m and a length of 3 to 6 m in a forest or grassland with shrubs in arid areas. They may also live in the burrows of other animals. The breeding form is oviparous. During the breeding season, males emit an odor from the odor line and attract females. Juveniles grow slowly and females lay only once a year (5-9 eggs). Therefore, once the population decreases, it tends to become extinct.

Endangered species

Due to the destruction of habitats due to human land development, the number of habitats has decreased and the habitats are legally protected. It is classified as Vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. It means that there is a high risk of extinct in the wild. In addition, there are many cases where dogs eat and die. It will be targeted by domestic dogs and stray dogs.

Breeding

Breeding is possible, but it is becoming more difficult as the number has decreased in recent years. I like holes, so I need to build a similar environment. The basic temperature should be 28 to 32 ° C. It is also essential to heat from the bottom with a seat heater or the like. The bait eats plants. It is said that the selling price is about 200,000 to 500,000 yen because it is a rare species.

コメント

  1. I was just telling my friend about that.

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