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Indian Endangered Animal : Goral

Animal

Gorals are animals that belong to the bovine family. They live mainly in India and around the Himalayas, and are about the same size as serows. Goral can also be seen in other places such as Russia and the Korean Peninsula. Gorals are considered an endangered species due to over-hunting, as they are eaten and their fur is used. An animal in need of protection.

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habitat

Gorals live in the Himalayas.

Characteristics

Gorals are 90-130 cm long and weigh 30-40 kg, and live in the Himalayas. The fur is grey, grey-brown, or blackish-brown. It is characterized by a dark or black line along the midline of the back. Both males and females of the goral have horns, multiple joints, and a length of about 12 to 17 cm. Gorals live in highlands and tend to form small flocks of a few to a dozen. When it gets cold in winter, it descends to lowlands, but in summer it migrates to highlands. Gorals rest during the day and are active in the evening and at night.

ecology

Gorals live on plant matter such as grass, roots, nuts, bark, and fungi. The breeding mode is viviparous. They are polygamous and breeding takes place around November to December. Females can have one litter at a time. Young are breastfed for 4-5 months and reach sexual maturity in 2-3 years. They can live up to 15 years in captivity.

endangered species

Gorals have natural enemies, such as wolves and snow leopards. But the bigger threat is humans. Goral populations are dwindling due to hunting for their pelts and even for food. In addition, due to deforestation, etc., it is not possible to secure food, and the habitat is also lost. Due to this background, Goral is designated as an endangered species. Its subspecies, the Onagagoral and the Red Goral, are also listed as endangered species. In addition, Goral is also listed in CITES Appendix I and is subject to export restrictions.

Breeding

Goral is designated as an endangered species, and it can be said that it is extremely difficult for ordinary people to obtain it. See it at the zoo or go to India.

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