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Endangered species : Hawksbill turtle

Animal

Hawksbill turtles are turtles that live in the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Atlantic Ocean. Hawksbill turtle is a turtle designated as an endangered species. It is a turtle that can live in a very wide area, but because the shell has a beautiful mosaic pattern, the beautiful shell of the hawksbill turtle is targeted, and it is overfished and the number of individuals has decreased significantly. There is a gradual tendency to protect internationally and socially. It is an animal of the turtle order sea turtle family. Living alone in the sea, mainly inhabiting sandy beaches and coral reefs.

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Habitat

It is a turtle that can inhabit the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean in a fairly wide range.

History

Do you know that sea turtles are longer than human history? The turtle family has been around for about 100-200 million years. It was already in the days of ammonites. Sea turtles already existed when there were many dinosaurs. It is a living creature that has lived from ancient history. Therefore, it has a primitive form.

Characteristic

Hawksbill turtles are also known as turtles. This is due to the background that the shell was used for tortoiseshell work. However, because of its beautiful shell, this turtle has caused overfishing by humans. The shell is 80 cm long, the head is elongated, and the tip of the mouth is sharp. The shell is a yellow and dark brown mosaic pattern, and the abdomen is light brown. It lives in the shallow waters of the coral reefs, and is limited to the seaside when viewed by humans. Living alone in the sea, mainly inhabiting sandy beaches and coral reefs.

Ecology

They eat sponges, shrimp, crabs, and algae. Sleep, feed and mate in the sea. Therefore, there are times when the time on land is short. The breeding style is oviparous and breeds at any time of the year. When breeding, it comes ashore. A 20-30 cm deep hole is dug in the hidden grass to lay 90-150 eggs. Eggs hatch in two months and return to the sea. Also, they do not live in groups and tend to act individually.

Endangered species

The hawksbill turtle is an endangered species despite its very large habitat. The reason is human. Humans have begun overfishing aiming at the shell of a beautiful turtle. There are also problems with spawning. The number of sandy beaches where hawksbill turtles lay eggs is decreasing. As a result, breeding is difficult and survival is at stake. Internationally, it is listed in Annex I of the Washington Convention, suggesting the possibility of extinction in recent years. Therefore, activities to protect the world have begun.

Breeding

Not only hawksbill turtles, but all sea turtles are decreasing in number. Therefore, it is under the protection of many international and domestic laws, and it is quite difficult for ordinary people to raise sea turtles. In addition, capture and sale are prohibited worldwide. We recommend watching at the zoo or relaxing on the sandy beach.

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