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Haiti Endangered Species: Hispaniolan solenodon

Animal

Hispaniolan solenodon is a mammal belonging to the genus Solenodontidae of the family Solenodontidae that inhabits Dominican Republic and Haiti. Solenodonts are closely related to mice and moles, and are rare animals that live only in the Caribbean Sea. There are two species of solenodon, Haitian solenodon native to Hispaniola, which straddles Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and Cuban solenodon, which was rediscovered in 2003. Hispaniolan solenodon is unlikely to become extinct right now, but its population has declined sharply due to predation by dogs and cats.

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Habitat

Hispaniolan solenodon inhabits Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Characteristic

Hispaniolan solenodon has a body length of 30 cm, a tail length of 24 cm, and the back of the head is black or dark brown. The limbs have 5 fingers and are characterized by long claws. You can use this claw well to dig a hole. Hispaniolan solenodon resembles an oversized shrews. Males and females are about the same size. The forelimbs are significantly more developed than the hindlimbs. The head is larger than the body, with about 12 long whiskers on the nose and some small whiskers behind the head. Hispaniolan solenodon has been confirmed to inhabit only in the Dominican Republic and southern Haiti, and is said to have a very narrow range and a small number of inhabitants. The habitat is a forest area at an altitude of 1000 m. Hispaniolan solenodon is nocturnal. During the day, it stays in burrows, trees, hollowed out logs and caves, and remains hidden from view.

Ecology

Hispaniolan solenodon eats arthropods. When I don’t have food, I also eat worms, snails, mice, and small reptiles. You may also eat fruits, grains and litter. Breeding is all year round. The gestation period is about 3 months, and you can give birth to 1-3 animals at a time.

Endangered species

Hispaniolan solenodon has been confirmed to inhabit only in the Dominican Republic and southern Haiti, and its habitat is very limited. Habitat reduction due to deforestation and agricultural land development has become a problem, and the number of habitats is decreasing accordingly. Predation of dogs and cats is also a problem. After the land was cultivated by Europeans, carnivorous animals began to be brought in and preyed on. Conservation activities have begun in the Dominican Republic since the 2000s, and the animal is fully protected by law.

Breeding

Hispaniolan solenodon is protected by national law and is quite difficult for the general public to breed. Watch at the zoo or go to Haiti.

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