スポンサーリンク

Endangered Species of India: Indian Star Tortoise

Animal

Indian star tortoise is a family of turtles that inhabit India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, etc. Indian star tortoise is classified in the genus Star tortoise of the family Tortoise. Indian star tortoises inhabit forests such as plains and low mountains, thickets, and dry grasslands. In recent years, poaching, overfishing from pet demand, and habitat loss due to land development have become problems, and the number of habitats has decreased. Therefore, it is a turtle designated as an endangered species.

スポンサーリンク

Habitat

Indian star tortoises inhabit India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, etc.

Characteristic

The Indian star tortoise has a maximum instep length of 38 cm and a weight of 7 kg. Females are larger than males. The Indian star tortoise has a black shell, and each deck has a star-shaped dark yellow or taupe line. The central plate of the back and the left and right auxiliary decks are raised, and the abdomen is black or dark brown. Indian star tortoises live in grasslands and desert areas, are diurnal, sunbathe and then search for food. I don’t do much in the cold season, and I often keep myself quiet. Natural enemies are hawks, foxes, wolves, etc., and children and eggs are easily targeted. Therefore, they are often preyed on as a child.

Ecology

The Indian star tortoise is herbivorous and mainly feeds on falling fruits, leaves, tree buds and grasses. Or you may eat shellfish or carcasses of animals. The breeding style is oviparous. In the hot season of the rainy season, females estrus and mate. You can lay 1-10 eggs at a time. The female digs a hole in the ground and lays eggs. The hatching period is after several months, and the child becomes sexually mature after 5-10 years. It is said that it has a lifespan of 20 to 30 years in captivity, but it can live for 50 years or more when it is long.

Endangered species

The habitat of Indian star tortoises has been gradually decreasing due to land development in recent years. In addition, overfishing has become a problem due to the demand for pets. It was listed in CITES Annex II in 1975 when the Washington Convention came into effect, but it was listed in Washington Convention Annex I in 2019 and exports are severely restricted. Smugglers have been caught. The Indian star tortoise is currently designated as an endangered species.

Breeding

The regulations on Indian star tortoises have become stricter year by year, making it difficult to keep them as pets. It is quite difficult for ordinary people to breed. Watch at the zoo or go to India.

コメント

タイトルとURLをコピーしました