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New Zealand Endangered Species : kiwi

Animal

Kiwi is New Zealand’s national bird and endangered species. Many people associate kiwi with fruits, but they are birds. It is a very cute bird with a long beak and a round body. It is one of New Zealand’s icons because it lives only in New Zealand and is popular because of its cute appearance. Unfortunately, however, the population has decreased in recent years. Kiwi first appeared on regimental badges in the late 19th century as a symbol of New Zealand.

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Habitat

It inhabits New Zealand forests and bushes.

History

There are fruit kiwis and animal kiwis, but fruit kiwis are named after animal kiwis. Fruit kiwi began full-scale commercial cultivation around 1934 and can now be eaten all over the world. It is said that it was named after “Kiwi”, which was a national bird of the country when it was exported from New Zealand to the United States. Today, Kiwi has become a variety of goods as a healing idol.

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Characteristic

It is a creature that insists on territory by exchanging calls between pairs. It has the unusual characteristic of being a flightless bird. The wings are completely degenerated and cannot fly. Instead, the legs are well developed and running is surprisingly fast. Walk around the forest at night and eat food. It is very popular because of its chick-like appearance. It has a very long beak and is unique compared to other birds. Kiwis are friendly and very alert animals. It’s so curious that if you find something that works, you’ll chase after it.

Ecology

It inhabits forests and bushes and is nocturnal. Food is insect larvae, spiders, and earthworms. Look for food by inserting or poking a beak into the ground or a fallen tree. At that time, use a long beak. The breeding style is oviparous and lays very large eggs. It is said to lay eggs up to 20% of its body weight, and is said to be the fifth largest egg in the world among birds. Since one bird cannot warm an egg, males and females work together to warm the egg. In New Zealand, the word “kiwi has band” is synonymous with a good husband.

Endangered species

Kiwis were once hunted for Maori food, but the bigger threat is other animals. Kiwi cannot fly. Therefore, dogs and cats are natural enemies. Due to the increase in immigrants in recent years, dogs and cats have been brought to New Zealand and eaten. In addition, habitat destruction or habitat destruction due to agricultural land development and grazing has made it impossible to inhabit.

Conservation activities

In recent years, projects have been undertaken throughout New Zealand to breed kiwis and return them to the forest. Kiwi Birdlife Park in Queenstown, Kiwi Encounter in Rotorua, and Willowbank Wildlife Park in Christchurch have already begun.

Breeding

Currently, the population has decreased considerably, and it is quite difficult for ordinary people to breed. Watch at the zoo or visit New Zealand.

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