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[Asia Travel] India: Kolkata

Travel

Kolkata is one of the megacities in India. The name of the city given during the British colonial era, it was the capital until the capital was relocated to Delhi in 1911. For this reason, it is also the center of the Indian economy, where art and commerce flourish, and it is a source of culture. It is one of the four major cities in India and is known as a city where many tourists gather. Kolkata has historical spots such as the Indian Museum and the Victoria Concert Hall.

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Location

Kolkata is a city located in the eastern part of India.

History

Kolkata was an unknown town until modern times. It was the British who developed this land. The history of the town began with the opening of a factory in Kolkata by the East India Company. After that, fortresses were built, universities, railroads, etc. were built, and economic development began. It functioned as the capital until it was relocated in 1911. After the war, it was overtaken by Mumbai and Delhi on an economic scale, but in recent years many foreign-affiliated companies have entered India and are getting out of the economic stagnation.

Climate

Kolkata belongs to the savanna climate. It is a place where the dry season and the rainy season are clearly separated. Temperatures range from 15 ° C to 40 ° C throughout the year.

Language

Hindi is the official language in India, but there are many other languages used, including more than 800 dialects. English is designated as the second official language.

Security

Kolkata is relatively safe and stable. It is one of the most densely populated cities in India, and it is necessary to pay attention to and take measures against minor crimes such as pickpocketing and snatching.

Race

It is made up of many ethnic groups in India. Most of them are Indo-Aryan, and there are many Dravidians in the south.

industry

Kolkata is the economic center of eastern India and is home to the Calcutta Stock Exchange, India’s second largest stock exchange. It is also the city where the giant companies in India are based.

religion

Hindus make up 80%. Others are inhabited by Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and Buddhists.

currency

Indian rupee is used.

Sightseeing spot 1 : Victoria Memorial

It was built between 1905-1921 to commemorate Queen Victoria of England, who was also the emperor of India. It incorporates Indian, Islamic and British architectural styles and uses the same makrana marble as the Taj Mahal.

Sightseeing spot 2 : St. Paul’s Cathedral

A large Gothic church. The interior is very beautiful with the light coming in through the skylights fitted with beautiful stained glass.

Sightseeing spot 3 : Mother House

This is the place where Mother Teresa was based. The Motherhouse is open to everyone, and many foreigners and Indians come and go to visit.

Sightseeing spot 4 : Howrah Bridge

It is a bridge over the Hoogly River that flows north and south through Kolkata. The total length is 700m, so it feels very long. It is a place where cars are often congested.

Sightseeing spot 5 : Kali Temple

A temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. The street to the temple is very lively and there are many tents selling food, souvenirs and Hindu tools.

Sightseeing spot 6 : Nakhoda Masjid

It is the largest mosque in Kolkata. With three green domes, red brick walls and 27 minarets, it is a place where many believers come to worship.

Sightseeing spot 7 : Indian Museum

India’s oldest and Asia’s largest museum. With as many as 50,000 collections on display, one day may not be enough to see them all. There are so many exhibits that you can’t look around in a short amount of time.

Sightseeing spot 8 : Pareshnath Temple

Jain temple. Marble, mirrors and stained glass are also used, and it looks like a jewel box. There is a small garden in the vast grounds.

Sightseeing spot 9: Quest mall

It is a large shopping mall. There are many shops such as brand shops, cosmetics, general stores, restaurants and cafes. There is a large supermarket in the basement.

Sightseeing spot 10 : Birla Mandir

Hindu temple. Tourists can also enter and see the Birla Mandir. It is lit up at night and is very beautiful.

Sightseeing spot 11 : Tipu Sultan Mosque

Islamic temple. The Tipu Sultan Mosque was built in 1832 and is a gathering place for many Muslims. This mosque is basically open to anyone, regardless of religion.

Sightseeing spot 12 : Tagore House

The birthplace of Rabindranath Tagore, a poet and the first Asian Nobel laureate. It is a three-story brick building, which is a colonial-style house.

Sightseeing spot 13 : Sudder Street

This street is especially famous for Indian lovers, as it has a lot of cheap inns for backpackers. Internet cafes, smartphones, second-hand bookstores, etc. are also gathered.

Sightseeing spot 14 : New Market

It is a market with many small shops. There are many shops such as accessories, miscellaneous goods, and crafts. It is a market for local residents because there are many daily necessities.

Sightseeing spot 15 : Dakshinapan Shopping Centre

It is an old-fashioned shopping mall. Many shops sell ethnic minority crafts, as well as furniture, textiles and precious metals.

Sightseeing spot 16 : Durga Puja

The most famous festival in Kolkata. It takes place at the beginning of October every year. Many statues of the goddess Durga will be set up. The statue of the goddess is decorated with cloth and bells, and is equipped with flowers and rice.

Sightseeing spot 17 : Diwali

Diwali is a celebration throughout India. It is held every year for 5 days around the end of October. Everywhere in the city is illuminated with lights and you can enjoy a beautiful atmosphere.

Sightseeing spot 18 : Holi

The biggest festival in North India. A festival in which water colored with various powders is sprinkled on each other. The city literally becomes a festive event, and everyone sprinkles colored water.

Sightseeing spot 19 : Eden Gardens

It is a typical cricket ground in Kolkata. It is now the home ground of Kolkata-based cricket’s Indian Premier League team, Night Riders.

Sightseeing spot 20 : Marble Palace

Marble Palace is a neo-colonial building built in 1835. It has many works of art. General tourists can also enter.

Hotel

Kolkata has plenty of accommodation. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is nearby. Tickets and accommodations can be booked from the link below. It also supports other languages.

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