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Endangered species of South America : Southern sea otter

Animal

The southern sea otter is a member of the otter family that lives only in South America. It is a carnivorous species classified in the otter genus of the mustelid family, and has a total length of about 50 to 60 cm. It inhabits rocky shores, and currently lives mainly in Peru and Chile. It used to live in Argentina and other places, but it has already been confirmed extinct, and this otter is in danger of extinction. The southern sea otter is designated as an endangered species and is subject to protection.

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habitat

The southern sea otter lives only in South America.

Characteristics

The southern sea otter is 50-60cm in length. It is a carnivorous animal classified in the otter genus of the mustelid family and weighs 3-5 kg. The fur on the back is dark brown. The fur on the abdomen is light yellowish brown or grayish brown. This otter is an otter that often lives on the coast and is a diurnal animal. These otters are often solitary, but they can also live in groups. This otter is webbed and can swim. The fur is very beautiful, and there are many people who aim for it.

Ecology

The southern sea otter feeds mainly on crabs, shrimps and mollusks. Besides that, this otter sometimes eats fish. Otters have also been seen eating small mammals and fruits in places like Peru. The southern sea otter reproduces viviparously. Otters can be monogamous or polygamous, with a gestation period of 60-120 days. Breeding takes place in unnoticed places such as crevices in rocks, and about 2 babies are born from September to October. Newborn babies stay with their mothers for about a year.

Endangered species

The southern sea otter is often eaten in South America. Overfishing is also a problem, as otter fur sells for a high price. Add to that the pollution of the ocean and bycatch from fishing, and the numbers continue to plummet. It is extinct in Argentina and can only be found in Peru and Chile. The southern sea otter is now listed as an endangered species and is listed in CITES Appendix I, with export restrictions. In Peru and Chile, this animal is designated as a protected animal and is strictly protected.

Breeding

Since the southern sea otter is also listed in the Washington Convention, it is difficult for the general public to keep it. Go to the South American continent or see it at the zoo.

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