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Endangered African species : Masai giraffe

Animal

Masai giraffe is an endangered species that inhabits Kenya and Tanzania in Africa. Kilimanjaro, also known as the giraffe, is the largest subspecies of the giraffe. It has a peculiar irregular jagged star-like stain. Masai giraffe is listed as an endangered species on the IUCN Red List, as it has decreased by about 50% in the last three generations. It is listed as vulnerable because it inhabits only a few in one geographic area. Masai giraffes are characterized by a significantly darker pattern than other species.

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Habitat

It is distributed from Kenya to eastern Africa such as Ethiopia, Somalia and Tanzania.

Characteristic

The tan body has brown spots, which at first glance resemble a reticulated giraffe, the spots on the body are irregular star-shaped and light in color, the hair is rather long, and the anterior horn is not well developed, and the back. It has features such as no prominence. In addition, Masai giraffes are larger, and some large males have a crown height of 6 m, while females are one size smaller and have a head height of 4.8 m. As long as you have fresh plants, you can spend a considerable amount of time without drinking water. Sometimes I sit down when I rest, but most of the time I stand up and rest, and often I sleep. Giraffe’s natural enemies are hyenas and lions. Children’s giraffes are often aimed at.

Ecology

There is no fixed breeding season for polygamy, and the gestation period is 14 to 15 months, and one animal is born at a time. The child giraffe lives with her mother for a month. It has a lifespan of 25-30 years and matures in 3-5 years for both males and females. They usually live in groups. I like the savanna area. It eats by rolling up the leaves with a long tongue, and eats bark, nuts, flowers, as well as gramineous plants, and has the same eating habits as other giraffes. It makes almost no voice, and sometimes it makes a cow-like voice.

Endangered species

The current population of Masai giraffe is estimated at 35,000. Compared to 30 years ago, it has decreased to nearly half. The cause is due to poaching and changing land use. Giraffe hunting is illegal in both Kenya and Tanzania, but poaching is done for skin, meat, bones and tails. It is said that an estimated 2-10% of all populations are victims of illegal hunting each year. A market for ornaments using giraffe body parts, such as tail jewelery and bone carvings, has emerged. In addition, human land development has dramatically reduced habitat. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has designated Masai Giraffe, which is distributed in Kenya and Tanzania, as an endangered species.

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