The Testudo monk seal is a species of seal classified as an endangered species in the genus Monk seal. Three species of monk seals are known. The Caribbean monk seal is already extinct, and the Hawaiian monk seal is an endangered species with only a few remaining. The testimonial monk seal is also an endangered animal. This animal belongs to the monk seal genus, and its survival is at risk. In fact, seals were hunted for quite some time during the Roman Empire, and their population began to decline.
Testudo monk seals live in environments near the Atlantic coast, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea. A type of seal classified in the monk seal genus, its scientific name is Monachus monachus, and its English name is Mediterranean monk seal. It is an internationally known animal.
It is 2.8m long and weighs 250-400kg. Its body shape is thick and short, and it is almost the same as the Hawaiian monk seal. The head is slightly flat, the snout is wide, and the left and right nostrils are slightly separated. A “monk” is a Christian monk, whose short-haired, dense head is likened to a shaven. The head is round and fine hair is densely grown. It is a very charming animal and is very popular among humans because it turns like a dog and follows a school of small fish.
Food eats animals. They mainly eat fish and mollusks. Nests are built on the sandy beaches of the sea to live and breed. Breeding is embryonic. It gives birth to one animal at a time from May to November. Birth weight is very large, he weighs 15-26 kg. Of course, when it comes to adults, it is bigger than humans. A breastfeeding period of about 6 weeks is required. After that, it will mature in about 6 years. The life is said to be about 20-25 years.
The Mediterranean monk seal, like the Hawaiian monk seal, is in danger of extinction. Only about 600 remain in the wild. It is one of the few seals of the same species, sea lions and seals. The reason why the number has decreased so far is that humans have been hunting for food for a long time. Therefore, it has been possible to become extinct since ancient Roman times, rather than being endangered now. Recently, there have been cases where fishermen were accidentally killed or intentionally killed.
There was a sad incident in 2014. A Macedonian man has been fined by the Croatian government and deported for beating the Mediterranean monk seal. He was fined € 210 for violating the Nature Conservation Act.
In Europe, we are engaged in conservation activities for Mediterranean monk seals. Therefore, it is quite difficult for ordinary people to breed. Watch at the zoo or aquarium, or head to Europe.