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[Travel to Oceania] Australia: Melbourne

Travel

Melbourne is one of Australia’s leading cities. It is a huge city along with Sydney and one of the leading cities in Oceania. Since Australia was under British control, it is characterized by many European-style buildings. Once in the back alley, you’ll find plenty of trendy cafes and boutiques. Being Australia’s second largest city, it has a lot of commercial facilities and lots of fun. The city is sometimes listed as “the most livable city in the world”.

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Location

Melbourne is a city located in the southern part of Australia.

History

Melbourne was originally inhabited by the indigenous Klin tribe. However, when the Klin tribe entered the modern era and the settlement of Europeans began, the plague of Europe was also brought in, the population decreased, and it was destroyed. With the discovery of gold in the interior of Victoria in 1851, Melbourne has undergone rapid economic development. Around 1865, it overtook Sydney to become Australia’s largest city. It was the temporary capital of the Commonwealth from the establishment of the Australian Federation in 1901 to the start of its relocation to Canberra in 1927.

Climate

Melbourne has a marine west coast climate. Temperatures range from 0 ° C to 43 ° C throughout the year.

Language

The official language of Australia is English. Indigenous language is also used.

Security

Melbourne is one of the safest cities in Australia. Many people come and go in the center of the city day and night, and it is possible to live safely.

Race

80% of Australia is white. Many other Asians live here.

industry

The machinery industry and the financial industry are very active in Melbourne.

religion

Australia’s main religion is Christianity. Most of the others are non-religious.

currency

Australian dollars are used in Australia.

Sightseeing spot 1 : Queen Victoria Market

It is the largest market in the Southern Hemisphere. Many foods such as fruits, vegetables and meat are sold. Souvenirs / crafts, apparel, accessories, etc. are also on sale.

Sightseeing spot 2 : Royal Exhibition Building

The Royal Exhibition Building, which was designated as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in 2004, is used as a commercial exhibition hall and regularly hosts Melbourne International Flower and Garden Shows.

Sightseeing spot 3 : Fitzroy Garden

The Fitzroy Gardens also houses the relocated Captain Cook’s house and the Tudor village, a miniature of an old English village.

Sightseeing spot 4 : Block Arcade

Block Arcade is a typical location in Melbourne. The arcade itself is full of artistic beauty and is visited by many tourists. Registered as a historical heritage of Victoria, it is protected and is a cultural heritage.

Sightseeing spot 5 : Royal Arcade

The first shopping arcade in Melbourne with a history of nearly 150 years. It is registered and protected as a historic building in Victoria.

Sightseeing spot 6 : Lygon Street

Lygon Street is located in the city of Carlton, Melbourne. There are many Italian restaurants, gelato shops, cafes and delicatessen.

Sightseeing spot 7 : Eureka Tower

It is a skyscraper with 92 floors above ground, 1 floor below ground and 297.3 meters high in the Southbank district of Melbourne. There is an observatory on the 88th floor and a restaurant on the 89th floor.

Sightseeing spot 8 : Melbourne Star Observation Wheel

The Melbourne Star Observation Wheel is a huge Ferris wheel. You can see different atmospheres during the day and at night from a high place.

Sightseeing spot 9 : Hosier Lane

It is a path famous for graffiti art in Melbourne. The colorful graffiti art drawn on the entire wall has become a very popular tourist attraction.

Sightseeing spot 10 : Flinders Street Station

Flinders Street Station began in 1854 as Australia’s first railway station and has undergone expansion work to give it a splendid appearance.

Sightseeing spot 11 : St. Patrick’s Cathedral

It is the largest Gothic Catholic church in Australia. The biggest feature is the three tall spire. The outside is lit up at night, so it’s very beautiful.

Sightseeing spot 12 : Chinatown

Many workers from China came to Melbourne during the gold rush. Today, it is Australia’s oldest Chinatown and a prosperous area as the cultural center of Asia.

Sightseeing spot 13 : Old Melbourne Gaol

The Old Melbourne Gaol was used as a prisoner’s containment and execution site from 1842 to 1929. It is currently open to the public.

Sightseeing spot 14 : State Library of Victoria

The State Library of Victoria is Australia’s oldest library. There is also a gallery displaying various paintings and other works of art, Captain Cook’s memoirs, and Ned Kelly’s armor.

Sightseeing spot 15 : National Gallery of Victoria

The National Gallery of Victoria is Australia’s oldest museum. A place where you can appreciate Australian art collections.

Sightseeing spot 16 : Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria

The Royal Botanic Gardens of Melbourne is a historic botanical garden founded in 1846. It is a place of relaxation for Melbourne citizens who enjoy jogging and picnics.

Sightseeing spot 17 : Melbourne Zoo

Melbourne Zoo is the oldest zoo in Australia. You can see not only tigers, elephants and otters, but also Australian endemic species such as wombats and Tasmanian devils.

Sightseeing spot 18 : St. Kilda Beach

St Kilda Beach is Melbourne’s most popular beach. The beach is lined with fashionable cafes and restaurants, and a market is held every Sunday.

Sightseeing spot 19 : Brighton Beach

Brighton Beach features colorful huts, all privately owned. Some people use it as a resting place when they visit the beach.

Sightseeing spot 20 : Phillip Island

Phillip Island is an island southeast of Melbourne. Many penguins live in this area, and you can appreciate cute penguins.

Sightseeing spot 21 : Great Ocean Road

Great Ocean Road is a famous coastal area. The famous coastline is a must-visit place for tourists.

Sightseeing spot 22 : Yarra Valley

Yarra Valley is Australia’s leading wine region. It is also the birthplace of the Victorian wine industry and has a history of about 170 years.

Sightseeing spot 23 : Dandenong Ranges

The Dandenong Ranges are mountain ranges, including Mount Dandenong. It runs a railroad and is Australia’s oldest heritage railway.

Hotel

Melbourne has plenty of accommodation. Melbourne Airport is the closest. Tickets and accommodations can be booked from the link below. It also supports other languages.

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