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East Asian endangered species : musk deer

Animal

Musk deer are deer that inhabit Siberia, China, Nepal, and the Korean Peninsula. There are about 10 species in the musk deer family, but only the genus Musk Deer survives today. The musk deer is known as a deer that has no horns and is a member of the small deer family. There are Siberian musk deer in Russia, mountain musk deer in China and Nepal, and pygmy musk deer in India.

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habitat

Musk deer live throughout East Asia.

Characteristics

Musk deer are 80-100 cm long and weigh 5-15 kg. Musk deer are known as hornless deer. Known as a member of the primitive deer family, male musk deer have long, saber-like canine teeth on the upper jaw. It is Females have musk glands that secrete musk. This musk is sometimes hunted for its use in perfumes. Musk deer tend to inhabit coniferous forests and alpine plant areas, and live in groups of several individuals. Musk deer are sometimes solitary. Musk deer have predators, so they are very timid and fearful.

ecology

Musk deer, like other deer, feed on grass, fruits, and nuts. During mating season, males compete with each other, and the winner gets the female. Females give birth to one offspring in 5 to 6 months. Newborn babies do not leave their parents for a while. After one month of life, the baby begins to move on its own.

endangered species

Musk deer numbers are declining year by year. As mentioned above, female deer have musk glands that secrete musk. This musk has a sweet scent and has the effect of sustaining the scent of perfume, and it also has pharmacological effects such as stimulating and cardiotonic effects, so it is often hunted by humans who are aiming for it. The musk deer is now an endangered species and is currently banned from international trade under the Washington Convention. However, the reality is that poaching is still going on, and urgent conservation efforts are needed.

Breeding

Musk deer are prohibited from international trade by the Washington Convention, so it is impossible for the general public to obtain them. See them at the zoo or visit China, Russia, Nepal and more.

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