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Endangered Asian Species: Northern River Rapins

Animal

Northern river terrapins inhabit Bangladesh, Indonesia, Cambodia, etc., mainly in India, even among Japanese pond turtles. This turtle is classified in the genus Northern river terrapin of the Geoemydidae family, and is a large turtle with an instep length of about 80 cm. In recent years, overfishing has become a problem due to the destruction of habitats due to land development and the fact that it is edible, and it has been designated as an endangered species. In addition, this turtle is listed in Annex I of the Washington Convention.

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Habitat

Batagur tortoises live in estuaries in India, Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Indonesia. The Batagur tortoise is a turtle classified in the genus Batagur tortoise of the family Irididae. Scientific name: Butagur baska. It is registered on the Red List along with the Indian red tortoise and the land tortoise.

Characteristic

The northern river terrapin is a turtle with an instep length of about 50 cm. This turtle inhabits the Sundarbans region in southern Bangladesh, West Bengal and Orissa regions in India, southern Cambodia, Sumatra Island in Indonesia, and Malaysia. The back is slightly raised and oval. The limbs are sturdy and there is a well-developed webbing between the fingers. The back is gray, grayish green, or dark green. The head and limbs are also gray or grayish green. Northern river terrapins live in rivers and their brackish waters and spend most of their time on the water. When you go ashore, it’s time to rest or breed.

Ecology

Northern river terrapins live on aquatic plants, waterside terrestrial plants, fruits, as well as small fish, shellfish, and shellfish. The breeding season is from December to March. Eggs dig holes in the shores, beaches, etc., and females lay about 10 to 34 eggs at a time about three times a year. Eggs hatch in 68-112 days.

Endangered species

Northern river terrapins are often overfished because they are edible. In addition, habitat has been lost due to land development, and the number of habitats is decreasing sharply. This turtle used to live in Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam and Singapore, but it has already become completely extinct. The northern river terrapin is designated as an endangered species. The turtle is also listed in CITES Annex I. The turtle is currently undergoing a breeding project and is tightly protected in Bawal National Park in Gazipur, Bangladesh and the Thunder Bang Tiger Reserve in India.

Breeding

The northern river terrapin has been drastically reduced in number, and it is quite difficult for the general public to raise it due to restrictions on imports. Watch at the zoo or go to Southeast Asia and South Asia.

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