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East African Endangered Species: Pancake Tortoise

Animal

Pancake tortoises are a family of turtles that live in Kenya and Tanzania. Pancake tortoises are very easy to keep and popular as pets because they have a flat, thin shell and do not grow very large. Pancake tortoises are characterized by a thin shell like pancakes, and the shell can be inflated. Pancake tortoises have lost their habitat due to human land development, and their numbers have declined sharply, making them an endangered species.

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Habitat

Pancake tortoises are turtles that live in the eastern part of Africa.

Characteristic

Pancake tortoise is a small turtle with an instep length of about 15 cm. Reptiles Tortoises Tortoises are classified into the genus Pancakes, and are characterized by a thin shell like pancakes. The shell can be inflated. The instep length is almost the same between females and males. The head and limbs are tan and the carapace is tan or tan. The color of the abdomen is tan, with dark spots on each deck and radial spots around it. Pancake tortoises live in grasslands such as Kenya and Tanzania on the African continent. This turtle hides well in rocky crevices and grasslands to protect itself from foreign enemies. She is timid and diurnal, but as soon as she feels danger, she digs a hole in the soil and escapes to a burrow. Unusual for tortoises, it is good at three-dimensional movement and can climb well on stones.

Ecology

Pancake tortoises live on grass and plants. The breeding form is oviparous. Anniversary mating is performed except in the dry season. The female digs a hole and lays one egg at a time, rarely two eggs. This turtle has a lifespan of 20-25 years.

Endangered species

Pancake tortoises are turtles that are kept as pets, but they are actually endangered. In East Africa, habitat loss due to development and grazing has become a problem, and in addition, overfishing for pets is progressing. This turtle is listed in Annex II of the Washington Convention and has restrictions on exports. In 1981 Kenya banned the export of pancake tortoises without the written permission of the Minister of Environment and Natural Resources. Tanzania has protected this species under the 1974 Wildlife Conservation Order and is protecting it in Serengeti National Park. The European Union banned the import of pancake tortoises in 1988. Breeding programs are currently in place at zoos in Europe.

Breeding

Pancake tortoises can be bred as pets, but their numbers are declining. Prices are soaring so buying can be quite difficult. You can also see it directly if you go to the zoo or East Africa. When breeding, please prepare at least the following tools.

Pancake tortoise cages need to be 5 times wider and 5 times longer and 3 times deeper. Eventually, the body length will grow to 18 cm, so a cage of 90 cm (width) x 60 cm (depth) is a guide.

Cage

Pancake tortoises sunbathe frequently, so they need two lights, one for bathing with strong light and one with UV light.

UV light

Pancake tortoises rarely bathe, so they need a small water container for drinking.

Water tank

Pancake tortoises are herbivorous and their main diet is vegetables.

food

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