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Madagascar Endangered Species: Radiated Tortoise

Animal

Radiated tortoises are tortoises that are distributed in the southern part of Madagascar. Also known as Madagascar star tortoise and Indian star tortoise. The back has a radial dark yellow line pattern, which is a characteristic turtle. Radiated tortoises are similar to Indian star tortoises but are recognized as a different species. Radiated tortoises are gradually declining due to habitat destruction and land development. This turtle is currently designated as an endangered species.

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Location

Radiated tortoises inhabit Madagascar.

Characteristic

Radiated tortoises have a maximum instep length of 40 cm, and males are larger than females. Radiated tortoises are very similar to star tortoises, but they are different creatures. Radiated tortoises, unlike other turtles, rarely enter the water. The carapace rises like a dome and is slightly elongated when viewed from above. The back has a radial dark yellow line pattern and is characterized by a dark brown shell. Radiated tortoises live alone in grasslands on flat land. Radiated tortoises are endemic to Madagascar and have also been introduced to the French Reunion, Mauritius.

Ecology

Radiated tortoises live on fruits, grass, and tree buds. The breeding form is oviparous. You can lay 1-3 eggs at a time. Eggs hatch in 145-231 days, and newborn children live with their parents for some time. Radiated tortoises have a very long lifespan and live longer than humans. You can live for up to 150 years.

Endangered species

Overfishing is a problem because radiated tortoises can also be pets. Furthermore, agricultural land development, deforestation, shifting cultivation, etc. are also problems. In addition to these causes, the population is declining sharply due to the predation of local residents. Since the entry into force of the Washington Convention in 1975, it has been listed in Annex I of the Washington Convention. Furthermore, in Madagascar, it is legally protected and collection, breeding, sale and transfer are prohibited. Nevertheless, the current situation is that poaching and smuggling continue. Smuggling was discovered in Thailand in 2012 and in India and Thailand in 2016. Radiated tortoises are currently designated as an endangered species. Radiated tortoises have a captive breeding program in California, USA, and are bred at the Southern California Conservation and Breeding Center in the Turtle Sanctuary.

Breeding

Radiated tortoises are endangered turtles that are also protected by the local government and are quite difficult for the general public to raise. Watch at the zoo or go to Madagascar.

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