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Endangered Species in Antarctica: Rockhopper Penguin

Animal

The southern rockhopper penguin is a family of penguins that live around Antarctica. There are three subspecies of rockhopper penguins: Eastern rockhopper penguins, Rockhopper penguins, and Southern rockhopper penguins. The southern rockhopper penguin lives in Antarctica and South American countries, and is a penguins species with a comb. The population of the southern rockhopper penguin and the northern rockhopper penguin has been declining due to recent environmental changes, and they are designated as endangered species.

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Habitat

The southern rockhopper penguin inhabits South America, mainly in Antarctica.

Characteristic

The southern rockhopper penguin is a rockhopper penguin. The total length is 40-60 cm and the weight is 2-4 kg. Rockhopper penguins are the smallest penguins with combs. It’s a little bigger than a little penguin. The rockhopper penguin is the only crested penguins with a comb that has black feathers on its head. The feathers of the chicks on the head, neck and back are dark brown. The abdomen is white. Rockhopper penguins are extremely warlike and aggressive penguins. It can also attack humans. It attacks humans and natural enemies who approach the colony. Natural enemies are south polar skuas, southern giant petrels, fur seals, and sea lions.

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Ecology

southern rockhopper penguins live on small crustaceans such as krill, small fish, and squids. The southern rockhopper penguin has excellent diving ability and can dive up to 100m. A common breeding ground called a large colony will be created in the rocky area, and breeding will take place from November to December. Nests are made by collecting twigs. The breeding form is oviparous. You can lay 1-2 eggs at a time. The incubation period is about one month, and males and females take turns warming. The hatched chicks form a creche and are fed by their parents. The chicks will fledge after a few months. The life is about 20 years.

Endangered species

southern rockhopper penguins are in trouble due to lack of food. It is becoming difficult to secure food because humans catch too much fish. Furthermore, seawater pollution and human colony vandalism have become problems. The total number of rockhopper penguins is 7 million, but it has been found to have decreased by 24% in the last 30 years. The Northern Rockhopper Penguin is classified as Endangered IB (EN) and the Rockhopper Penguin is classified as Endangered II (EN) on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List. It has been.

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Breeding

It is quite difficult for the general public to raise the southern rockhopper penguin because it is not easy to build a habitat because the population is drastically reduced and it is not very resistant to heat. Go to Antarctica or South America, or go to a zoo or aquarium.

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