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[Animal Sightseeing Trip: Natural Treasure] Australia: Tasmania

Animal Attraction

Tasmania is an island full of nature in the south of the Australian continent. Tasmania is named after the Dutch explorer Tasman, who is said to have arrived on the island of Tasmania for the first time. Approximately 37% of the island is designated as national parks and nature reserves, and the primeval forest area is registered as a World Heritage (mixed heritage) as “Tasmanian wilderness”.

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Location

Tasmania is an island located in the southeastern part of Australia.

Tasmania

Tasmania is home to many Australian endemic species and many rare animals found nowhere else. Tasmania has four seasons, with summer from December to February and winter from June to August, with temperatures ranging from 3°C to 22°C. The eastern part of the island has long hours of sunshine. Tasmania was connected to the Australian continent tens of thousands of years ago, and we can see that Aborigines lived there. Many wall paintings from that period have been found.

Kangaroo

Kangaroo is the symbol of Australia. The body length of the small species ranges from 25 cm to 160 cm in the larger species, so there is a considerable difference. Kangaroos have well-developed hind legs and move by jumping. The front legs are very degenerate and small. When kangaroos are in heat, they get nervous and box the males around them. A front kick with both feet supporting the body with the tail.

Full Length25-160cm
Weight1-80kg
Lifespan10-20 years
Foodtree roots, mushrooms and insects

Wallaby

A wallaby is a smaller version of a kangaroo. They have smaller hind legs and shorter tails than kangaroos. The basic habits are the same as kangaroos, and they often inhabit small forests. They tend to be active at night. The body color is gray-brown to dark brown. Wallabies are a popular animal that many people keep as pets. Wallabies are timid and difficult to get along with people, so raising them can be difficult.

Full Length40-60cm
Weight2-9kg
Lifespan10-20 years
Foodtree roots, mushrooms and insects

Wombat

Wombats are also endemic to Australia. It is a nocturnal animal that inhabits eucalyptus forests and shrub forests, and feeds on grasses and roots of shrubs. Although they have short limbs, they are actually very good at digging holes and live in burrows. It is also an agile animal that can run at speeds of up to 40 km/h for short distances. Habitat destruction due to agricultural land development, traffic accidents, and predation by dogs are reducing the population.

Full Length90-110cm
Weight20-40kg
Lifespan10-20 years
FoodGrass, flowers, roots and bark of trees

tasmanian devil

The Tasmanian devil is the largest living carnivorous marsupial. It used to live all over Australia, but is now extinct on the mainland. Even in Tasmania there are very limited places where you can observe it. They live in national parks, etc., and move about 16 km per night in search of food. It is an animal with strong jaws that can chew and eat anything, including bones, skin, hair, and feathers. It was named devil because of its black body.

Full Length50-60cm
Weight5-10kg
Lifespan5-6 years
Foodbirds, snakes and small kangaroos

platypus

A rare animal found only in eastern Australia and Tasmania. A mammal with a duck-like beak and webbed limbs. Males have tubes in their claws that excrete venom through glands in their thighs. They live solitary and are most active in the evenings and early mornings. The diet is animal food, and mainly eats benthic invertebrates such as insects such as Largomorpha, Coleoptera, Diptera, Dragonoptera, and Hyoptera.

Full Length40-60cm
Weight1-2kg
Lifespan20 years
FoodInvertebrates, Crustaceans, Insects

Australian fur seal

Fur seals live not only in Tasmania but also along the southern coastline of mainland Australia. One male monopolizes multiple females to form a harem. It preys on fish, octopuses, shrimps, etc., and occasionally penguins. The area around Bass Strait is a major breeding ground for Australian fur seals.

Full Length150cm
Weight200-300kg
Lifespan30 years
Foodfish, octopus, shrimp

little penguin

The world’s smallest penguin species. I usually eat fish for a living. At dawn, they leave their burrows and swim in search of food. Many people go to Australia to watch the Penguin Parade, as groups of penguins can be seen on the beach after they have finished hunting at dusk. Unlike other penguins, little penguins do not walk upright, but rather lean forward.

Full Length30cm
Weight1kg
Lifespan15 years
Foodfish

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